Programs for the Incarcerated – for a better community for you.
Prison system programs offered to inmates are designed to prepare offenders returning into their communities or homes, a smooth transition with a low to none rearrest rate.
They prepare the inmates and provide opportunities to participate in improving their skills, develop better educational habits, and even parenting classes. Various Correctional facilities provide their inmates with these programs to ensure a safer community in the long run.
Many programs include a multi-step phasing system that is focused on the inmates’ transition into the outside world:
Phase 1 – typically a preparation course in which the facility provides them with educational classes, literacy classes, classes that develop work and social skills, parenting classes, and mental health/substance use classes.
Phase 2 – a 12-24 month program that aids the released convict in functioning in society.
Former inmates and participants of these programs who have managed to stay out of prison beyond 2 years after release, have a lower chance of rearrest compared to those who do not participate in the provided programs at all.
The Bureau of Justice provides statistics in their Recidivism Study, that show inmates who have stayed out of jail longer and have yearly follow ups with the social programs provided by the correctional facilities, were less likely to be rearrested.
Once out of prison, these individuals are consistently offered vocational developmental programs as well as mentoring and social service assistance outside the prison. If you refer to the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Directory of National Programs Guide, you can inform yourself on all the programs offered in National Prison systems.
In addition, the offense type has various effects on the rearrest rates of former convicts, and so facilities are providing programs based around the range of offense types that have shown to have the highest rate of recidivism—property offense being the highest return rate of former inmates. The congressional Research Services provide us with information stating that the more violent or offensive a crime is, the less likely the released convict will be rearrested as the years progress. The programs are focused on maintaining the rate at which inmates are released on parole versus probation and the programs are designed to monitor such offenders in a certain way to reassure that the rate of prisoners being released are released on the basis that they are suitable for properly contributing to society.
Funding for such programs is necessary in rehabilitating an entire community and to aid individuals in making a better and stronger society. Please refer to the link provided to see the numbers of pre-released inmates and work program inmates in comparison to average prison unit numbers — to see that with proper funding and support, these work programs and pre-released numbers per prison unit can exceed those of the Correctional facilities that are not providing such rehabilitation programs for their inmates upon release. Prisoners per Prison Unit
Written by: Somya Gupta, UH